Hopi Indians

Population: 6,946 Members

Tribe: Hopi Indians, “peaceful ones”

Location: Lies in Northeastern Arizona, surrounded entirely by the Navajo Reservation; it encompasses approximately 1.5 million acres. The reservation consists of three major mesas rising up to 7,200 feet, surrounded by low altitude deserts and gullies. Walpi is the oldest village on First Mesa, having been established in 1690 after the villages at the foot of mesa Koechaptevela was abandoned for fear of Spanish reprisal post 1680 Pueblo Revolt. The Tewa people live on First Mesa. Hopis also occupy the Second Mesa, and Third Mesa.

Economy: Over 35 percent of individuals live below the poverty level with children and elderly numbers rising as high as 50 percent living in poverty. Unemployment rate is very high due to lack of job opportunities on the Reservation. The Hopi are best known for their skill in agriculture and arts and crafts.

Education: Around 20 percent of the Hope Reservation did not finish high school. American Indians have the highest drop out rate of an US racial group.

Finances: Unemployment rate is very high due to lack of job opportunities on the Reservation; on the Hopi Reservation it is around 20 percent.

Government: The Hopi Tribal Council is the local governing body consisting of elected officials from the various reservation villages. Its powers were given to it under the Hopi Tribal Constitution. The Hopis consider their life on the reservation an integral and critical sustaining part of the “fourth world”.

Additional Information: The Hopi are religious people, practicing their religion with different ceremonies throughout the year. Kachina dances and snake dances are closed to the public. I, Ramona, was the first female white preacher allowed to minister to the Hopi Tribe.